The Tiantangzhai is one of the important national Geopark garden areas in Anhui Dabieshan mountain (Lu’an) and is also the National Forest Garden, the National-level Native Reserve and the place of interest of Anhui province.
Tiantangzhai was called “Cloudy Mountain” and “the first pass in Wu-chu southeast” in the ancient time. Its area is 20.3 km2. Tiantangzhai is made up of four scenic sections which are the Waterfall Group, the Saint Gua Peak, the White Horse Peak, the Making Money Col and the White Horse Gorge. Its altitude range is from 700m to 1729m.
The main body of the garden area is made up of granite which is the production of magmatic activity about 1.3Ma years from now, and the basement rock is the old and complicated Dabie complex about 2600Ma from now. The abundant geologic herite in the garden area are the valuable national legacy formed at the long geologic process which concentratedly reflects the geologic action history of the granite in the area from formation to uplift to denudation for 130Ma, so it has very high researching value of geology and geomorphology and appreciating value of aesthetics. The Dabie complex whose degree of metamorphism is the deepest in the world and rock type is complicated developed in the garden area. It is the important place to research the material combination and evolution of the basement material of the Dabie orogenic belt, and the information of the material movement in the deep earth implicated by it has very high academic value. The group peaks in the garden area are steepy and grand, the rock scenery is full of humor and wit, the waterfalls hanging in the sky fly from heaven, and the scenery in the gorge is beautiful.
The Tiantangzhai is the last wide forest in the eastern China. Its forest covering percentage reaches 96.5%, weather is mild, rain is abundant, and negative oxygenic ions are rich in atmosphere, which are benefit to the health of human. The humaniores sights in the garden area are rich, and there are many types of rare animals and plants.
Tiantangzhai is the ideal site for people to visit, take holiday, and do scientific research and teaching practice.
The expositive brand of the Waterfall Group scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
The north of the scenic section is the White Horse Woodland, the south is the Main Peak of Tiantangzhai, the east is connected by Making Money Col, and the west meets the Luotian county of Hubei province. Its area is 5.5sq.km. The altitude of the highest peak in the garden area that is the Main Peak of Tiantangzhai is 1729.13m, and the peak body is made up of coarse-grained adamellite.
The garden area concentrates the granite peak cluster land form and the hydrogeologic sights into one body. The scenic resource is rich and colorful. The central scenic sections in the garden area are the steep and grand peak, peculiar pine and strange rock, and the conjoint waterfalls and ponds. The main scenic sights and hydrogeologic sights are the five streamy waterfalls all year round which are the Nine-shadow Waterfall, the Weeping Screen Waterfall, the Outpouring Jade Waterfall, the Ice Brilliant Waterfall, the Silvern Waterfall, and the Heaven Pond etc, the granite peak cluster land form which are the Main Peak of Tiantangzhai, the Dragon-sword Peak and the Dragon Back, the shape-liking rocks which are the Golden Lion Howling Sky, Quyuan Asking Sky, the Double Bamboo Shoot Rock, the Double Tortoises Imitating Companions, the White Elephant Playing Water, the Buddha Hand Rock, the Pen Shelf Rock, the Pine and the Tortoise Combating for Life, the Rock Cleaving by Sword, the Drinking Horse Rock, the Old Monk Entering House and the Five Dragon Pilgrimaging to Heaven, and peculiar pines which are the Standing Upside Down Pine, the Brethren Pine, the Pine Loving Rock and the Pine Welcoming Guests etc.
The expositive brand of the Saint Gua Peak scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
The north of the scenic section is the entrance door of the garden area, the south is the Waterfall Group scenic section, the east is the main-road of the garden area, the west is connected by Luotian of Hubei province. Its area is 4.7sq.km. The Saint Gua Peak is the highest peak in the section which is made up of adamellite, and its altitude is 1638m. It has the name of Saint Gua Peak for its shape like the Gua using for divination.
The Saint Gua Peak scenic section makes the steep peak, peculiar rock and strange pine as its main features. A lot of fairy tales and rich vestiges take the scenic section on mysterious veiling. The main scenic sites are the Saint Gua Peak, little Saint Gua Peak, the Thunder-father Cave, the Book-case Rock, the Moving Wind Rock, the Three-friend Rock, the Rock like Listening Pine, the Bookchild Chasing Host, Three-dragon Visiting Dell, the Pine like Five-old-man Welcoming Guests and the ancient sites of the Running Horse Sentry, the Ancient Emplacement and the Ancient Battlefield.
The expositive brand of the White Horse Peak scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan （Lu’an)
The north of the scenic section is the entrance door of the garden area, the south is the Making Money Col scenic section, the east is Male Goose Mountain, the west is connected by the main roads of the garden area, and its area is 5.7sq.km. The Male Goose Mountain is the highest peak in the section which is made up of adamellite, and its altitude is 1485m.
The White Horse Peak likes a flying horse crossing Anhui and Hubei province. The White Horse Peak is the quaquversal peak body, which is the typical sight in Tiantangzhai garden area. It is high and powerful, winding and boundless, and grand. The Beating Drum Rock, the Penguin Rock, the Moon Cliff, the Saddle in Afterglow, the Penglai Ark, the Moon Rock and the cave sights of the Celestial Being Cave, the Piao’er Cave and the Crystal Waterfall are also its main scenic sites.
The expositive brand of the Making Money Col scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
The north of the scenic section is the White Horse Peak scenic section, the south borders on the Yingshan county of Hubei province, the east connects with the line of Wind-winnow Mantle and the Chicken Heart Peak, the west meets the Waterfall Group scenic section, and its area is 4.4sq.km. The altitude of the highest peak which is the Wind-winnow Mantle in the section is 1591m, and the lowest altitude is only 700m. According to the recordation of «Huoshan county records » in the Guangxu time Qing dynasty, Xu Shouhui had made money at this place after leading rebel in the eleventh year from Yuan dynasty to Ming dynasty (1351 A.D.), so it is called “Making Money Col”.
The forest sight is the main body and feature of the Making Money Col scenic section. The forest resource in the scenic section is rich. The fir-pines are tall and straight. So lush is in eyes, and the sky is covered at there. It provides the gentler and comfortable natural environment for wide interests in the forest section, recuperating, summering and shower. The main scenic sites are the Phoenix-dragon Well Waterfall, the Male Goose Mountain, the Chicken Heart Peak, the Zhongkui Shaking Sword, the high mountain and the meadow, the Dragon Girl Dressing and the ancient making money site etc.
The expositive brand of the White Horse Peak scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
White Horse Gorge locates in the upriver of the Southern River. The south begins with the Inartificial Gallery, the north reached the management office of the The garden area, and its total length is 1960m.
After the invasion of granite of Tiantangzhai 1.3 hundred million years ago, the earth crust has taken place stronger tectonic movement. There is layer rupture taking place along the inner Southern River line. The synthetical function of the factors of downcutting and washing of the running water and weathering-denudation formed the gorge land form at the later endless geological evolution process.
The width of the bottom of the White Horse Gorge is broader. Both sides of the gorge are cliff. The layer outcropping at the bottom of the gorge is the deep metamorphic Dabie complex and granite. The sights are rich and colorful. It has the metamorphic rock sight—“the Inartificial Gallery” which is black and white, devious and whirlabout and likes the reversal cloud-mist and rising sun, the granite vein injecting along the bedding of gneiss crossing the river-gorge—“the White Dragon Crossing River”, nine veins apposing on the rock wall—“the Nine-dragon Wall”, “the Inartificial Wall ” formed by the paragenesis of the level joint and the vertical joint, and the small and exquisite undercutting cave which is the wonder of the new tectonic movement.
The journey to the gorge is fairyland journey wandering about the gallery of mountain and water, the scientific journey, and the relaxed and comfortable journey.